Publications Directory

Publications Directory

Scaling up early childhood development programmes in low and middle‐income countries

Research tests the hypothesis that the gender gap in adolescent education is accentuated by illnesses among young children in the household.

WASH and Development Sub-Saharan Africa Monday, June 26, 2017 Visit Website
The sanitation and urban agriculture nexus: urine collection and application as fertilizer in Sao Paulo, Brazil

Research applies urine from waterless urinals to corn and lettuce plants to examine the impact on rates and frequency of plant growth and soil parameters. Experiment and modeling results are discussed in the context of scaling up urban urine collection, transport, and fertilization in São Paulo, Brazil.

Sustainable Service Models Latin America/Caribbean Thursday, June 22, 2017 Visit Website
Advantages and limitations for users of double pit pour-flush latrines: a qualitative study in rural Bangladesh

Study finds double pit pour-flush latrines are a long-term improved sanitation option that offers users several important advantages over single pit pour-flush latrines. These latrines can also be used in areas with high water tables, such as rural Bangladesh.

Water, Sanitation and Health South Asia Thursday, May 25, 2017 Visit Website
Community-Level Sanitation Coverage More Strongly Associated with Child Growth and Household Drinking Water Quality than Access to a Private Toilet in Rural Mali.

Paper coauthored by WHD researcher Amy Pickering finds the level of community sanitation access for households in rural Mali was more important than private latrine access for protecting water quality and child health.

WASH and Development Sub-Saharan Africa Wednesday, May 17, 2017 Visit Website
Effects of submerged zone, media aging, and antecedent dry period on the performance of biochar-amended biofilters in removing fecal indicators and nutrients from natural stormwater

Findings inform full-scale design of biochar-amended biofilters in order to meet the total maximum daily load and municipal separate storm sewer system permitting requirement for fecal indicator bacteria and nutrients.

Water, Sanitation and Health Other Monday, May 1, 2017 Visit Website
Detecting and enumerating soil-transmitted helminth eggs in soil: New method development and results from field testing in Kenya and Bangladesh

Research coauthored by WHD researchers Lauren Steinbaum, Laura Kwong, Alexandria Boehm and Amy Pickering presents an effective new approach to detecting in soil eggs of a worm that that infects about 1.5 billion people. The method is appropriate for low-resource settings, and could be used for standardizing detection of the worm globally.

Water, Sanitation and Health South Asia Wednesday, April 5, 2017 Visit Website
Occurrence of norovirus in raw sewage – A systematic literature review and meta-analysis

Human noroviruses (NoV) are a leading cause of recreational waterborne illnesses and responsible for the majority of viral-associated gastrointestinal illnesses nationwide. The researchers conducted a systematic literature review of published peer-reviewed publications to identify NoV density data in wastewater influent, and provided an approach for developing pathogen density distributions, using the NoV data. Their results are the first to quantitatively characterize seasonal and geographic differences, which could be particularly useful for future risk assessments.

Water, Sanitation and Health Other Wednesday, March 15, 2017 Visit Website
Escherichia coli contamination of child complementary foods and association with domestic hygiene in rural Bangladesh

Interventions to keep stored food covered and ensure water availability in the food preparation area would be expected to reduce faecal contamination of complementary foods.

WASH and Development South Asia Friday, February 24, 2017 Visit Website
Does addressing gender inequalities and empowering women and girls improve health and development programme outcomes?

This article presents evidence supporting the hypothesis that promoting gender equality and women's and girls' empowerment leads to better health and development outcomes.

WASH and Development Sub-Saharan Africa Thursday, January 12, 2017 Visit Website
Comparing Ion Exchange Adsorbents for Nitrogen Recovery from Source-Separated Urine

Ion exchange was investigated for recovery of nitrogen as ammonium from urine for use as a fertilizer or disinfectant.

Sustainable Service Models North America Monday, January 9, 2017 Visit Website
Occurrence of Host-Associated Fecal Markers on Child Hands, Household Soil, and Drinking Water in Rural Bangladeshi Households

Study coauthored by WHD researchers Alexandria Boehm, Stephen Luby and Amy Pickering finds evidence of widespread ruminant and avian fecal contamination in the rural Bangladesh households, and highlights the minimal effect of a sanitation intervention on household fecal contamination.

Water, Sanitation and Health South Asia Thursday, October 13, 2016 Visit Website
Is pregnancy a teachable moment to promote handwashing with soap among primiparous women in rural Bangladesh?Follow-up of a randomised controlled trial

Paper coauthored by WHD researcher Stephen Luby finds handwashing intervention among mothers of young children unable to improve hygiene practices, and points to need for study of influences on motivation.

Water, Sanitation and Health South Asia Thursday, September 1, 2016 Visit Website
Rapid water disinfection using vertically aligned MoS2 nanofilms and visible light

Study coauthored by WHD researcher Alexandria Boehm highlights how a small amount of layered films can harvest light to achieve a nearly 100-percent inactivation of waterborne bacteria in 20 minutes.

Water, Sanitation and Health North America Monday, August 15, 2016 Visit Website
Soil-transmitted helminth eggs are present in soil at multiple locations within households in rural Kenya
Lauren Steinbaum, Sammy M Njenga, Jimmy Kihara, Ali Boehm, Jenna Davis, Clair Null, Amy Pickering

About 1.5 billion people are infected with intestinal worms. We searched for intestinal worm eggs in soil in rural Kenyan households. We found them in places where household members could be exposed and infected. Read more to find out where.

Water, Sanitation and Health Sub-Saharan Africa Friday, June 24, 2016 Visit Website
Handwashing With a Water-Efficient Tap and Low-Cost Foaming Soap: The Povu Poa ‘‘Cool Foam’’ System in Kenya
Jaynie Whinnery, Gauthami Penakalapati, Rachel Steinacher, Noel Wilson, Clair Nul, Amy Pickering

Study involving development of innovative system that makes handwashing convenient and economical in areas without reliable piped water.

WASH and Development North Africa/Middle East Monday, June 20, 2016 Visit Website